India is a vast country having a rich wildlife heritage and the Indian wildlife is considered as one of the richest ones all over the world. The Indian wildlife include numerous reptiles, animals, birds, mammals et cetera and they are being preserved and protected in various national parks and wild life sanctuaries. The national parks and wild life sanctuaries in India are spread from Ladakh in the Himalayas to the Southern tip of Tamil Nadu and they are just outstanding in their scenic beauty. India has a rich bio-diversity and heritage and the wildlife sanctuaries of the country are attracting people from all over the world, as the rarest of rare species are found here. A recent study shows that India along with 17 other mega diverse countries is home to nearly 60 percent to 70 percent of the world’s biodiversity.

India has near about 100 national parks and more than 500 wildlife sanctuaries and that is why, the range and diversity of Indian wildlife heritage is matchless. Some of the most important and notable sanctuaries in India include the Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve in Uttarakhand; the Kanha National Park and the Bandhavgarh National Park in Madhya Pradesh; the Ranthambhor National Park in Rajasthan; the Gir National Park in Gujarat, et cetera. The wildlife sanctuaries are preserving and supporting a great variety of mammals and thousands of species of birds. There are also a number of sanctuaries in India that are specifically dedicated in preserving the birds. The Bird Sanctuary at Bharatpur, Rajasthan is one of the most notable one amongst them, as it is the second habitat in the world that is visited by the Siberian Cranes in the winter. The sanctuary also provides a vast breeding area for the native water birds.

The varied and rich wildlife of India has had a profound impact on the region’s popular culture. The common name for wilderness in India is Jungle, which was adopted into the English language. The word has been also made famous in The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling. India's wildlife has been the subject of numerous other tales and fables such as the Panchatantra (an ancient Indian collection of animal fables).